From the plant of
Also known as: Ananas, Nanas, Pina
Plant family: Bromeliaceae
Type: herbaceous perennialParts used: mostly in the stems of pineapples, but some fruit is used as well.
Description: 2 1/2 to 5 ft. high with a spread of 3 to 4 ft. The plant is like a thick stem with a rosette of wide, waxy leaves.
These pointed green, red,
and white/off white striped leaves are approximately 18 - 70 inches
long and graced with a spiny needle-like tip. The plant produces
a sweet to tangy and sometimes sour fruit that is yellow to white in
color. The unpeeled fruit is brownish with a hard, spiky covering
and a large green sprout from its crown. The fruit is shaped like
a coffee can with rounded ends and is about 10-12 inches long usually
when considered prime and may even weigh up to 10 lbs.
habitat: Indigenous to southern Brazil and Paraguay, the fruit is now grown all over in green houses and in the fields of Spain, Guatemala, Hawaii and more. The pineapple is a tropical plant and thrives in hot, humid places. Although it can survive cold snaps, it is not recommended for the more northern areas if intended to be grown outdoors. When the plant is grown in these areas the fruit may not even fully develop unless grown in hot houses.
Bromelain is an anti-inflammatory formula containing the proteolytic enzyme from the stems of pineapples. Proteolytic enzymes are capable of dissolving proteins. It is most often used after sports injuries, to relive edema and after surgical procedures to help with swelling. Research suggests that it is as effective as the tablet form of Zovirax in preventing cold sores. Neither of these treatments are completely effective in preventing cold sores.